Housing Options

Adult Foster Care

Adult Foster Care is a home that provides sleeping accommodations and services for four to five adults and is licensed by the Minnesota Department of Human Services. In adult foster care, the rooms may be private or shared and the dining areas, bathrooms, and other spaces are shared "family style." Adult foster care can offer a wide array of services depending on the home's license and/or registration. There are two types of adult foster care: family adult foster care and corporate adult foster care. In family adult foster care, the license holder lives in the home and is the primary caregiver. In corporate adult foster care, the license holder does not live in the home and is not the primary caregiver. Hired and trained staff generally provide services.

Board and Lodge

Board and Lodge vary greatly in size. Some resemble small homes and others are more like apartment buildings. They are licensed by the Minnesota Department of Health (or local health department). Board and lodges provide sleeping accommodations and food to five or more adults for a period of one week or more. They offer private or shared rooms with a private or attached bathroom. There are common areas for dining and for other activities. Board and lodges can offer a wide array of services depending on the home's license and/or registration.

Boarding Care

Boarding Care homes are licensed by the Minnesota Department of Health and are homes for persons needing minimal nursing care. They provide personal or custodial care and related services for five or more older adults or people with disabilities. They have private or shared rooms with a private or attached bathroom. There are common areas for dining and for other activities.

Continuing Care Retirement Communities

Continuing Care Retirement Communities are campus- style developments that offer a range of housing and long-term care services. Residents typically pay an entrance fee as well as a monthly fee for a lifetime package of services specified in a contract. The contract includes residence, services, and, if available, skilled nursing care.

Cooperatives and Condominiums

Residents of Cooperatives and Condominiums live in apartment- style or townhouse- style complexes and own or have ownership in a unit and are responsible for its upkeep. Residents typically pay a monthly fee for the use and upkeep of common areas. Some complexes designed for seniors offer a wide array of fee-based, on-site services. The difference between the two is in the type of ownership the resident has. In cooperatives, residents have an ownership interest. In condominiums, residents have direct ownership of the unit.

Market Rate

Market Rate rentals are what is traditionally considered "apartments." They are housing establishments that have no government subsidy. The real estate market determines the rent levels. Market rate rentals may only serve people age 55 and older as an "age distinct" apartment setting. Some market rate rentals offer a broad range of services, including meals, housekeeping, and transportation.

Subsidized Rental

Subsidized Rental buildings serve low-income individuals and vary in size and type. Some are privately owned buildings (e.g., Sections 202, 236, or 8 or Farmer's Home 515 buildings), while public housing buildings are owned by city or public housing authorities. A few developers and communities have used tax credits and local resources, rather than federal subsidies, to provide housing for low-income people. Some subsidized rentals offer a range of services, including meals, housekeeping, and transportation.

Resources on housing and services

There are a number of tip sheets available from the Office of Ombudsman for Older Minnesotans including:

The Housing Resource ToolBox
Factors to consider about home care
Minnesota Home Care/Hospice Licensure & Medicare Certification
What you need to know about Home Care Paraprofessional Services
How do you choose a Home Care Provider?
Medicare Home Care
What is Medical Assistance for elders living at home?
Need assisted living?
What is the 17-point tenant contract for assisted living?

To find services and or housing in your community contact the Senior LinkAge Line
®. You can reach the Senior LinkAge Line® by calling 1-800-333-2433, by email senior.linkage@state.mn.us or visit www.MinnesotaHelp.info®.